U.S. health officials confirmed 71 new cases of measles last week, putting this year just a few dozen cases shy of becoming the worst year on record since the disease was eradicated from the U.S. in 2000.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed 71 new cases of measles during the week through Friday, bringing the total so far this year to 626 cases. In 2010, the worst year on record since measles was said to be eradicated, the CDC confirmed 667 cases.
Measles has now been confirmed in 22 states, the CDC said. Of the 71 new cases, 68 were in New York, with 53 from New York City and 15 in Rockland County, the CDC said. In both areas, health officials have declared public health emergencies and are scrambling to vaccinate people.
New York City issued a mandate on April 9 requiring residents in parts of Brooklyn to get vaccinated against measles, mumps and rubella or face a $1,000 fine. It also closed a Jewish school that allegedly refused to provide vaccination records.
Rockland County and New York City are home to large Orthodox Jewish populations, where some people have refused to vaccinate their children. Jewish Orthodox nurses are trying to debunk misinformation they say anti-vaxxers spread through these communities.
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Receiving both recommended doses of the MMR vaccine is 97 percent effective in preventing the measles, according to the CDC. Measles is highly contagious, infecting 90 percent of unvaccinated people who are exposed to the disease, the CDC said.
That’s why health officials are bracing themselves for an uptick in cases after Passover, a Jewish holiday, ends Saturday.