Mental Health

People define personality disorders in many different ways. According to one definition, a personality disorder is a mental health condition that affects how a person thinks and feels and how they relate to other people. Cluster A disorders usually involve awkwardness in social situations, distorted thinking, and distance from society and relationships. There are 10
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Two new studies assess how working memory — the memory we use on a day-to-day basis in decision-making processes — is affected by age, mood, and sleep quality and whether these factors impact memory together or on their own. Two new studies investigate how sleep quality, mood, and age affect a person’s working memory. Working
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Researchers at the University of Nottingham in United Kingdom have reviewed dozens of articles analyzing the helpfulness of other people’s “recovery narratives” and found that they can help people overcome their own mental health problems. Hearing others’ recovery stories can help us cope with our own mental health issues. Increasingly, mental health professionals are considering
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Dermatophagia is a psychological condition in which a person compulsively bites, chews, gnaws, or eats their skin. It often affects the skin around people’s fingers. Dermatophagia is an emerging concept in mental health research. For this reason, there have been few studies into precisely what it is and how it differs from other conditions. According
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A new study has concluded that living alone is linked to common mental disorders. The authors have also identified the main driver of this worrying relationship. Researchers examined the links between mental health and living alone. Some common mental disorders (CMDs) include mood disorders, anxiety, and substance use disorders. According to some studies, almost one-third
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New research in mice, which the National Institutes of Health supported, shows how ketamine can alter brain circuits, quickly redressing depression-like symptoms. Ketamine stimulates the regrowth of dendritic spines in the prefrontal cortex, according to a new animal study. Previous studies have shown that ketamine — an anesthetic — can rapidly reduce severe symptoms of
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If I think back to all of the most memorable and joyous moments of my life, my memories are laced with a dark, gripping cloak of anxiety. As a kid, I would second guess everything that I did. Experiences that other people would celebrate, such as graduations, weddings, and promotions, are dreaded milestones for me
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Crying is the body’s natural response to emotions that can be mentally and physically draining. When a strong cry triggers a headache, there are steps a person can take to help alleviate the physical pain, even if the emotional pain remains. When crying hard enough, many people will experience: a runny nose bloodshot eyes swelling
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Stamina describes a person’s ability to sustain physical and mental activity. People with low mental stamina may find it difficult to focus on tasks for long periods and become distracted easily. People with low physical stamina may tire when walking up a flight of stairs, for example. Having low stamina often causes a person to
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Modern science brings us endless possibilities to help our bodies and our minds stay healthy, but some recent scientific pursuits have also been the center of controversy. One of these is researchers’ interest in manipulating memories. Is this feat possible, and if so, why would we want to achieve it? In this Spotlight feature, we
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Low libido, or reduced sexual desire, can affect both men and women. It is not unusual for a person’s interest in sex to fluctuate over different periods of their life due to hormonal changes, age, and stress. However, low libido can be a problem if it causes stress, affects a person’s overall well-being, or leads
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New research from the United Kingdom has found that people who experience recurrent episodes of depression throughout adulthood are more at risk of developing memory problems later in life. Accumulated depression and anxiety can predict a person’s likelihood of developing memory problems. Scientists have already shown that depression and other mental health problems can affect
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Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a natural compound that has gained popularity in recent years, thanks in part to a growing body of research into its potential health benefits, which may include treating depression. The initial results of some studies into CBD and depression look promising. CBD is one of over 100 compounds called cannabinoids, which
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Practicing meditation or mindfulness techniques is, at least anecdotally, supposed to smooth your way to a happier, more healthful life. But what does science say about these practices? What does research say about the effects of meditation and mindfulness? We investigate. Meditation “keeps our minds and hearts calm, peaceful, and loving, i.e., in the right
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A person can experience visual hallucinations for many reasons, including consuming hallucinogenic substances or as a symptom of schizophrenia. But what are the brain mechanisms that explain hallucinations? New research aims to reveal more about how hallucinations manifest in the brain. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) defines hallucinations as “perception-like experiences
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New research has identified mutations in the DNA code that may affect energy metabolism. It also found a link to major depressive disorder. Could mutations in mitochondria cause depression? The World Health Organization (WHO) describe depression as “the leading cause of disability worldwide.” It affects more than 300 million people around the world. Experts believe
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a type of neurodevelopmental disorder. Although people typically associate this condition with children, it often persists into adulthood. Symptoms include disorganization, restlessness, and an inability to focus. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, 60 percent of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the United States
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Traumatic memories can severely affect a person’s quality of life when they become intrusive thoughts that lead to anxiety and continue to cause distress. For this reason, scientists are now looking into ways of weakening such memories and lessening their impact. Is it possible to ‘treat’ traumatic memories? People who experience traumatic events may find
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Amid growing moves for the wider decriminalization of cannabis, researchers are asking what its risks are and who may be most vulnerable to them. One study now draws a strong link between cannabis potency, frequency of use, and the risk of psychosis. A new study finds that people who frequently use potent forms of cannabis
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