A new blood test that looks for circulating tumor cells could significantly improve the diagnosis of prostate cancer and avoid unnecessary biopsies and treatments. A new blood test could help many people at risk of prostate cancer avoid unnecessary biopsies. Combining the new test with prostate specific antigen (PSA) results can yield a diagnosis of
Alopecia — or hair loss — when it results from cancer treatment can cause great distress. In the case of treatment with taxanes, hair loss can be permanent. Now, laboratory research has proposed a way that could prevent alopecia due to this type of chemotherapy. New research may have found a way to prevent chemo-related
What is Opdivo? Opdivo is a brand-name prescription drug. It’s approved for use in adults with certain types of the following cancers: Opdivo is also approved for use in children ages 12 years and older with certain types of colorectal cancer. Opdivo contains the drug nivolumab. It’s a monoclonal antibody, which is a drug that’s
In the first study of its kind, Japanese researchers have found an association between eating mushrooms and a reduced risk of prostate cancer. Although the size of the effect is relatively small, the findings are likely to inspire further investigation. New research suggests that regularly eating mushrooms may reduce a person’s risk of prostate cancer.
Using data from more than 100,000 males and spanning more than 3 decades, a new study investigates the long term effect of inflammation in early adulthood. Could inflammation in early adulthood influence disease risk more than 30 years on? Inflammation is part of the body’s natural response to harmful stimuli, such as irritants, damaged cells,
Why does breast cancer sometimes recur after treatment? A new study suggests that in part, the answer may lie in the effect of adjuvant hormone therapy on some cancer cells. Scientists delve deeper into the effects of hormone therapy on cancer cells, hoping to find out more about what drives recurrence. “For a long time
For the first time, scientists have shown that a new type of immunotherapy can reach and treat brain cancer from the bloodstream in mice. The nano-immunotherapy stopped brain tumor cells multiplying and increased survival. Scientists who devised an immunotherapy that can cross the blood-brain barrier in mice hope that the findings may one day translate
Lynch syndrome is an inherited condition that increases a person’s risk of developing colorectal cancer and other forms of cancer before the age of 50 years. Doctors may also refer to it as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Lynch syndrome is responsible for 3–5% of colorectal cancers
Nutritionists and health experts have spent years debating the benefits and risks of eating red meat in an attempt to determine whether it is good or bad for health. So far, results have been mixed. Researchers say that red meat contains important nutrients, including protein, vitamin B-12, and iron. However, there is evidence to suggest
As 5G wireless technology is slowly making its way across the globe, many government agencies and organizations advise that there is no reason to be alarmed about the effects of radiofrequency waves on our health. But some experts strongly disagree. Why do some people believe that 5G technology may harm our health? The term 5G
A recent study looking for a link between antibiotics and cancer risk uncovers a complex relationship. The researchers conclude that there is an association between antibiotic use and an increase in colon cancer risk, but a decrease in rectal cancer risk. A new study finds an association between antibiotics and certain cancers. With the advent
Some studies have identified links between sleep apnea and cancer. Now, new research reveals that rates of cancer are higher among females with pronounced symptoms of apnea. New research finds that women with a severe form of sleep apnea are more likely to receive a cancer diagnosis. The recent study, which features in the European
When a breast cancer is HER2-negative, it means that the cancerous cells do not contain high levels of the protein HER2. There are many treatment options available for this type of breast cancer, but the prognosis can vary. HER2 stands for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. The term “HER2” may refer to the HER2
New research in mice suggests that keeping blood sugar under control using either the ketogenic diet or a diabetes drug could help treat certain cancers by boosting the efficacy of standard chemotherapy. The ketogenic diet restricts carbs to a minimum. The ketogenic diet consists of high fat foods, foods that contain an adequate amount of
Cancer’s ability to spread throughout the body can turn a curable case into an aggressive and sometimes fatal one. A team of engineers and cancer biologists may have found a way to slow down, and even stop, the migration of breast cancer cells. Electromagnetic fields may stop breast cancer cells from dividing and spreading. Cancer,
A new study that involved more than 50,000 participants over a period of 2 decades concludes that eating flavonoid rich foods could stave off disease and extend life. A study probes the link between polyphenol consumption and mortality. A considerable amount of research has focused on the role of nutrition in disease risk and mortality.
What is Gleevec? Gleevec is a brand-name prescription medication. It’s used to treat certain types of blood cancers in adults and children. Gleevec is also used to treat a type of skin cancer and a type of gastrointestinal cancer. Gleevec contains the drug imatinib mesylate, which belongs to a class of drugs called tyrosine kinase
Most of the time, itchy armpits are a sign of irritation, infection, or a skin condition, such as eczema or dermatitis. In rare cases, however, itchy armpits may be a sign of cancer. This article describes two types of cancer that may cause itchy armpits. We also outline six less severe causes of underarm itching,
Chemotherapy is a powerful treatment that involves taking medications to damage cancerous cells. The goal is to prevent these cells from dividing and multiplying. This article outlines the use of chemotherapy drugs in the treatment of different cancers. We describe how many people with different types of cancer undergo chemotherapy as part of their treatment.
Researchers, using data from more than 40,000 women, conclude that eating red meat is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, but consuming poultry appears to link to a lower risk. A recent study investigates the impact of meat on breast cancer risk. Breast cancer affects around 1 in 8 women in the United
Cancer is a group of complex diseases that can have many causes, from genetics to exposure to toxins. A person’s diet may also play a role in whether they develop certain types of cancer. Researchers state that roughly 20% of all cancers in the United States have links to excess weight, physical inactivity, poor nutrition,
A 3D mammogram uses X-rays to create an image of the breast tissue. Many healthcare facilities and hospitals are adopting 3D mammogram technology due to the clear picture it gives of the breast tissue. A 3D mammogram, or digital tomosynthesis, is different to a standard mammogram that gives a 2D picture. A 3D mammogram helps
In a recent study, mice that ate a diet with reduced levels of a particular amino acid responded better to cancer treatments. The findings are intriguing, but the authors call for caution. Meat and eggs contain particularly high levels of methionine. Doctors and other experts now understand the significant role that nutrition plays in health.
Extensive research into the role of the tumor suppressor p53 offers a greater understanding of the genetic mutations that are at play in various forms of cancer, as well as identifying four genes that may help predict a person’s outlook. The overexpression of four genes can help predict the outcome of cancers that have a
Vitamin A is a nutrient that is essential for maintaining good health, but could consuming it help lower the risk of skin cancer? One new study has found a link between vitamin A intake and reduced skin cancer risk. Dietary vitamin A may help reduce the risk of developing a common form of skin cancer.
In the past few decades, a number of studies have suggested a link between dietary habits and the development of cancer. However, much of this research has been unable to move beyond observing links. Now, specialists in cancer and nutrition suggest a way forward. At a recent conference, specialists discussed ways of taking cancer and
Diagnostic mistakes are the most frequent medical error as well as the most serious, according to researchers from Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore, MD. New research identifies 15 conditions that doctors often misdiagnose. It is not clear exactly how many people errors in diagnosis affect. However, between 40,000 and 80,000 deaths in United States hospitals
New research may have found the answer to a question that has preoccupied scientists for years: What makes melanoma become ‘aggressive and violent’? The answer brings with it some important therapeutic implications. New research reveals the role of fat cells, shown here, in the progression of melanoma. Despite making up only 1% of all skin