Month: January 2019

Last week, I came across some shocking statistics. Around 80 percent of employees in the United States who are living with a mental health condition do not seek treatment because of associated stigma. It’s important that we feel we can talk openly about mental health. In the United Kingdom, around 19 percent of employees have
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One of the most challenging types of food for people with diabetes to find is dessert. Doctors will generally encourage people with diabetes to avoid sugars and carbohydrates. However, by making some simple nutritional changes, it is possible for people with diabetes to enjoy desserts. Desserts can be full of sugar and other simple carbohydrates,
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Diabetes is manageable with proper care, but no cure is yet available. Some scientists believe that transforming stem cells into insulin-secreting cells might offer hope. Stem cell researchers are attempting to crack diabetes. A new study, which features in the journal Stem Cell Reports, highlights research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis,
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For the first time in decades, researchers have identified a new medication that can successfully treat major depression. An existing oral drug may relieve major depression. Depression affects about 300 million people across the globe, making the condition the “leading cause of ill health and disability worldwide,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In
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When a baby begins crying in their sleep, caregivers may worry that something is wrong. However, in most cases, for babies, crying while asleep is a phase rather than a sign of a serious problem. For many caregivers, sleep-related issues are among the biggest challenges during the baby and toddler years. Sleep problems are common,
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Multifocal breast cancer is a form of breast cancer in which multiple tumors arise in the same area of the breast. There are many types of breast cancer. The type and characteristics, including the number of tumors and where they are, can affect a person’s treatment and long-term outlook. This article covers information about multifocal
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Recent research adds to a growing body of knowledge that links hearing loss with cognitive decline, which is a hallmark of dementia and often precedes the disease. Research suggests a link between hearing loss and cognitive decline. After analyzing 8 years of data from a health study of more than 10,000 men, scientists at Brigham
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E-cigarettes were nearly twice as effective as nicotine patches, gums and similar therapies in helping people stop smoking cigarettes, a study published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine found. Researchers at the Queen Mary University of London conducted a randomized clinical trial on 886 participants who were attending the U.K. National Health Service’s
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Both men and women can experience depression, but the signs and symptoms can be different. Although the primary symptom of depression for many is often a feeling of sadness, men may have a higher tendency than women to feel anger, demonstrate aggressive feelings, and engage in substance abuse. Due to the different symptoms, and because
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Insulin is central to the treatment of diabetes, as all types of diabetes occur due to the body’s inability to use blood sugar efficiently as a result of insufficient, ineffective, or nonexistent insulin supplies. The innovative scientists who discovered insulin won a Nobel prize, but the discovery also caused controversy. The discovery of insulin occurred
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Chemotherapy can affect a person’s brain for years after coming to an end. How does it actually change the brain, and is there anything that scientists can do to reverse these effects? Researchers are looking into ways of reversing the ‘chemo brain’ effect. Many people who undergo chemotherapy will notice cognitive impairment and behavioral changes.
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Pancreatic cancer is typically an aggressive form of the disease, with a fairly low 5-year survival rate. Diagnosing pancreatic cancer in its early stages could help people receive treatment more quickly, but what kind of test would work best? The specific bacterial abundance on a person’s tongue may indicate the presence of pancreatic cancer. The
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Skin redness can have many different causes, including burns, allergic reactions, infections, and some health conditions. Certain causes are more severe than others and may require medical treatment. In this article, we discuss several possible reasons for skin redness and when a person should see a doctor. Sunburn Ultraviolet rays from the sun cause skin
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Pharmaceutical giant Pfizer reported fourth-quarter earnings and revenue on Tuesday that beat Wall Street’s expectations but its guidance for 2019 disappointed investors. Shares of Pfizer fell more than 3 percent in premarket trading. Here’s how the company did compared with what Wall Street expected: Earnings: 64 cents per share vs. 63 cents per share forecast
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Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong treatment once it develops. The body does not produce enough insulin, and blood glucose levels remain high unless a person takes steps to manage high blood sugar. In the United States, an estimated 0.55 percent of adults have type 1 diabetes. This makes up around 5 percent of people with
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New research suggests that optimism may have a protective effect against type 2 diabetes in postmenopausal women. In addition to lifestyle factors such as physical activity, optimistic personality traits may lower diabetes risk. A range of factors can raise the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Some of these factors — such as diet, physical
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Petroleum jelly is a thick, waxy paste that many people use as a skin care product and treatment for minor cuts and burns. Other names for petroleum jelly include petrolatum and Vaseline, a common brand name. People use petroleum jelly for diaper rash, as a moisturizer, to treat skin conditions such as eczema, and as
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A new treatment with a genetically modified herpes virus is effective against stage 3B and stage 4 melanoma, a recent human study confirms. A genetically modified herpes virus is demonstrably effective against stage 3 melanoma, researchers show. In 2015, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) for
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Polyester is a synthetic fiber present in a lot of clothing and other fabrics. In some people, coming into direct contact with polyester-based fabrics can cause a skin reaction. In this article, we look at the symptoms, treatment, and prevention of a polyester allergy. What is a polyester allergy? Polyester is common in clothes, bedding,
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Recent research reveals that leaky capillaries in the brain could have a role in the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Changes in blood vessel permeability offer new clues about the onset of dementia. Dementia, the main type of which is Alzheimer’s disease, affects about 50 million people worldwide. According to the Alzheimer’s Association, over 5 million
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Women tend to live longer than men, a difference that seems to apply to female versus male individuals across the animal kingdom. Why is this the case? What gives women their longevity? Genetically, most women have two X chromosomes, and most men have one X and one Y chromosome. X chromosomes contain hundreds of protein-encoding
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For years, people have speculated about Amazon rolling out a health care service as part of Amazon Prime. Notable early Amazon investor John Doerr is already calling it “Prime Health.” So far, that hasn’t happened. But the former head of Amazon Prime, Rob Schwietzer, who was in charge of scaling the product to millions of
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Diabetes is a chronic disorder in which the body does not produce or use insulin effectively. It is not curable for most people, but treatments include medication, lifestyle adjustments, and management of diabetes’ various complications. The main aim of diabetes treatment is to return blood sugar to a safe threshold and reduce the risk of
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